Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease. A good health care system must not focus only on the physical well-being but ensure that the mental and social needs of all users are met. This is an arduous task for developed and developing countries alike.
Ghana has made significant strides in the health sector since independence. Average life expectancy is now 60 years - compared with 45 years in 1957; Infant Mortality Rate has dropped from 77 per 1,000 live births in 1983 to 50 per 1,000 live births in 2008. Despite these gains, there are a myriad of bedevilments to the health sector: (1) shortage of health facilities, (2) inadequate medical equipment, (3) poor working conditions, (4) inadequate training and educational facilities, (5) poor remuneration of health care workers, (6) poor attitude of health workers and (7) delays in the delivery of services at health facilities.